Breaking Down the Ballot

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302 S Walnut St
Bloomington, IN  47401
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Prepare for the General Election

2022 Indiana General Election
Novemeber 8, 2022
6 am - 6 pm
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Federal Elections

The Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the Federal courts, respectively.

Federal elections occur every two years, on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Every member of the House of Representatives and about one-third of the Senate is up for reelection in any given election year. Federal elections are administered by state and local governments, although the specifics of how elections are conducted differ between the states.

In 2022, Indiana residents will vote for both a U.S. Senator and various House of Representatives. 

U.S. Senator

TERM: 6 years

Every U.S. state elects 2 senators to represent them in the US Senate. There are 100 senators. 1/3 of senators are elected every 2 years. Roles: Propose and pass US federal laws and policies that affect US citizens at a federal level; vote on Supreme Court Justice nominees.

Learn more about Senators

U.S. House of Representatives

Term: 2 years

The number of representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 435, proportionally representing the population of the 50 states. Roles: vote on major US laws and policies that affect US citizens at a federal level; vote on Supreme Court Justice nominees.

Learn more about US Reps

Secretary of State

Term: 4 years

Roles: Varies from state to state, but many are tasked with keeping state records, from registering businesses to recording the official acts of the governor. Also serves as the chief election official in their state, administers state elections, maintains official election results.

Learn about the IN Secretary of State

State Treasurer

Term: 4 years

Roles: The treasurer of a state is the official charged with overseeing revenue and finances and generally acting as the state's chief banker.

Learn about the IN State Treasurer

State Auditor

Term: 4 years

Roles: Supervises and has administrative rights over the accounting and financial functions of the state. Additionally, auditors act as watchdogs over other state agencies, performing internal government audits and investigating fraud allegations.

Learn about the IN State Auditor

State House of Representatives

Term: 2 years

Roles: Responsible for proposing, passing, and enacting the laws by which the state of Indiana is governed. Four local Indiana districts are up for reelection this year: District 46 (parts of Terre Haute and Ellettsville, Spencer, Gosport), District 60 (Mooresville, Martinsville, southeast Bloomington), District 61 (Bloomington, including IU), and District 62 (southwest Bloomington, Bloomfield, Crane, Linton).

Learn about the IN House of Reps


Term: 4 years

Roles: The Sheriff serves as the chief law enforcement officer for the county. They oversee prisons and police force, and enforce local and state laws.

Learn more about the Sheriff


Term: 6 years

Roles: County judges interpret state and local law, hand out penalties to those convicted of crimes, and rule on civil disputes.

Learn more about Judges

Clerk of the Circuit Court

Term: 4 years

Roles: The county clerks serve dual roles as state election law administrators and administrators to the judiciary.

Learn more about the Clerk

County Commissioner

Term: 4 years

Roles: Controls and maintains county property including courthouses, jails, and public offices. Supervises construction and maintenance of roads and bridges. Administers elections. Establishes minimum housing standards. Receives bids and authorizes contracts, and more.

Learn more about the County Commissioners

Prosecuting Attorney

Term: 4 years

Roles: Represents the state of Indiana, and prosecutes violators of state statutes in all courts having criminal jurisdiction within the judicial circuit.

Learn more about the Prosecuting Attorney

County Council

Term: 4 years

Roles: The ultimate decision-making power regarding fiscal affairs. The council has authority to view or review fiscal matters, determine proper policy, and set priorities for the allocation and expenditure of county funds.

Learn more about the County Council


Term: 4 years

Roles: Determines the assessed value of property in the county and certify the values to the county auditor.


Term: 4 years

Roles: Maintains, prepares, and furnishes permanent public records submitted for recording. These records are the legal basis for determining ownership of real property.